Sarcophagus of Justus and Archelais from Neapolis (NEA0001)

Dublin Core

Title

Sarcophagus of Justus and Archelais from Neapolis (NEA0001)

Description

Sarcophagus decorated with floral motifs and Greek inscriptions for Justus and Archelais from Neapolis, dated to the 2nd-3rd c. CE.

Source

Language

Identifier

NEA0001

Sarcophagus or Ossuary Item Type Metadata

Physical Dimensions

c.2.25 x 0.5m

Decoration

The facade of the sarcophagus is decorated with a central decoration of two intertwined serpents within a wreath. The upper edge of the sarcophagus is decorated with a schematic leaf pattern. At each corner of the sarcophagus is a moulded support. The two short ends are decorated with vines and leaves. The inscriptions, each four words long, are inscribed in two rows.

Language

Diplomatic

ΙΟΥCΤΟΥ ΙΟΥCΤΟΥ ΘΕΟΦΙΛΟΥ ΚΤΙCΤΟΥ
ΚΑΙΑΡΧΕΛΑΕΙΔΟC CΙΜωΝΟC ΑΛΕξΑΜΔΡΟΥ CΥΝΒΙΟΥ

Edition

Ιουστου Ιουστου Θεοφιλου κτιστου | και Αρχελαειδος Σιμωνος Αλεξανδρου συνβιου

Translation

(Sarcophagus) of Justus son of Justus son of Theophilus the builder and of Archelais daughter of Simon son of Alexander his wife.

Diplomatic Constituted From

Magen 2009

Edition Constituted From

Magen 2009

Translation Constituted From

Magen 2009

Findspot

In the central arcosolium across from the entrance of the Mauseolum at 'Askar

Name 1

Role 1

Name 2

Role 2

Notes

This sarcophagus was one of 10 found in the mausoleum at 'Askar. The mausoleum's facade imitated a tetrastyle temple with Corinthian and Ionic capitals. The other sarcophagi in the mausoleum were decorated variously (garlands, bucrania, grape clusters, rosettes, etc.) but only one other was inscribed (Sarcophagus 9, with the Greek inscription "Of Sabbatius"/Σαββατιοθ) (Magen 2009, 293-305).

Selected Bibliography

Magen, Y. 2009. Flavia Neapolis: Schechem in the Roman Period. Jerusalem: Israel Antiquities Authority. (pp.305-306).

Citation

“Sarcophagus of Justus and Archelais from Neapolis (NEA0001),” WIRE: Women in the Roman East Project, accessed May 23, 2024, https://www.wireproject.org/items/show/718.

Output Formats

Geolocation